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The Feasts of Israel
read Dr. Carol' Cohen's article about the FEASTS OF ISRAEL & learn more about how God views our use of TIME...





     God’s Way –

     God’s  Plan For People’s Use of TIME

by Dr. Carol Cohen

      The Feasts of Israel are not special times to gather for a great meal. The Hebrew word translated “feast” in English actually means “convocation.” In fact, some of the 7 feasts of the Bible are days of fasting, with no meals at all. So the Feasts of Israel are supposed to be HOLY GATHERINGS.

      In this regard, the Feasts of Israel are:

  • HOLY days– meaning days set apart by God Himself

  • Days for CONVOCATION – meaning they are days set apart by God for gathering together.

  • Days UNTO THE LORD – meaning they are days set apart by God for gathering together WITH HIM!


God is the Creator of Time, Seasons, and the Calendar

God set up TIME when He began making “days” as He birthed the heavens and the earth  (Gen.1:.3) He also created the WEEK early on and set apart one of the 7 days of each WEEK as a holy day unto Him (to spend with Him) ( Gen.2:3, Is.58:13-14 ). (Think what life would be like if the days ran on endlessly with no pattern to them, no cycles or regularity, nothing distinct about the months and the days of the week. Sounds like endless drudgery and chaos. How would you talk about the future and make appointments?)

The Bible records that God also set up the YEAR. No surprise in that because the Bible says that He is the One who sets times and seasons. But why? He has an interest in TIME! And He has an interest in what He has planned for His creation, and when it is to occur; as well, how we humans use the TIMES and days He has given us while we live on planet earth (to the point that the Bible says “Redeem the time.”) What would it be like if God has not built regularity into time, and made cycles and seasons? If time had no pattern to it? Would life be chaotic? Endless drudgery? Could we plan ahead? Make appointments?)


God is interested in how we use time and in the manner in which we relate to Him IN TIME.

Think about TIME for a moment. Since God made time and He made humans, wouldn’t it follow that He would be interested in how we use time, and how much of it we spend with Him. As well, how regularly we spend time with Him.

That sounds like how my dear mother, before she passed away, used to await my phone call each Sunday. It was something that she could look forward to and depend on when I was away… BECAUSE SHE REALLY LOVED ME, wanted to hear my voice, and stay in close relationship..

Or it’s like a teenager waiting by the phone, longing for that special person to call. Why would GOD care whether we spend time with Him or not? He is that kind of God: parental like Mom and Dad, and full of longing like a young romantic.

Obviously He would not want us to take one big 2-year stretch totally focused on Him, and them forget Him for the next 10 years. That would really hurt!

Could it be then that He created the seasons and the weeks and months and years with their regularity SO THAT WE WOULD ESTABLISH REGULAR PATTERNS IN OUR USE Of TIME FOR MEETING WITH HIM!!

Just ponder that idea for a moment before we move onto the next topic. It IS plausible.



Setting Up His Calendar:  God set up a calendar to show how He wants TIME used


God told the people of Israel to start counting time from the Day of the Passover, which was marked by their coming out of Egypt. That Day was to be the beginning of TIME --the first DAY, Month, and year—for them as HIS PEOPLE.

The first day of TIME for Israel as His people was marked by great miracles that He did to make a nation out of the mixed bag of people that had joined themselves together with the Hebrew slaves while they were still in Egypt.  I call them a mixed bag  (a) because the Bible calls them that (“ a mixed multitude”), and  (b) because it must have been a pretty motley crew  who would want to align with the lowest ranks of Egyptian society, meaning Hebrew slaves whom Pharaoh esteemed so lowly that he thought nothing of telling them to kill their first-born sons.

God says in the Bible that He set this group of people He called "Israel" apart to be a nation for His own special purposes. 1) He would personally deal with them and keep them at the center of His attention, and 2) they would eventually make Him known and honored throughout the whole world!

So this people of Israel had their own calendar created for them by God for marking off TIME within creation –days which God made and continues to make – for special purposes that God designed for the people Israel.  AND THE FEAST DAYS WERE THE PARAMOUNT FEATURES OF THE CALENDAR – THE MOST HOLY AND SACRED PART. WHY? BECAUSE THEY WERE THE SPECIAL DAYS SET APART FOR MEETING WITH GOD!


God’s purposes for TIME


Note here that God has special purposes for the people of Israel, and HE ALSO HAS SPECIAL PURPOSES FOR THE DAYS ! He made the days, and continues to make them, upholding them by the Word of His power…and has special purposes He has determined for particular days, months, years, etc.

Focus on that idea for a moment. It is profound once you GET IT. And when you do “get it,” you will start to want to know what GOD created the coming days for. You will start to want to know what He intends for:

Each individual day,
For Seasons
For Feast days
For Particular years

And you will want to discover YOUR role in His days and in TIME…AS HE INTENDS IT…for each of these periods of time is fashioned with purposes by ALMIGHTY GOD HIMSELF!



God Spelled It Out In A Book


This idea of humans using time and God-given days, weeks, months, years, and feast days properly  was so important to God that He gave clear directives to people  about it. He described how He expected people to relate to Him through calender TIME in a book (The Bible!)  How to use time His way is actually a central feature of His written record of communication with people. 

A lot of people find the writings in Scripture about days, seasons, years, etc., that are found in Exodus, Lev., Numbers and Dt., the ultimate bore. The writing seems to go on and on about such unimportant stuff.  Unimportant to whom? To you, but not to God…He was telling people His highest priority for them: Meeting with HIM! Setting aside special time to meet with Him. Getting ready for the meetings with Him. Doing what was needed so that the relationship with Him would stay in tact and be awesomely lovely, pleasant and full of blessing . So that He, their loving, beloved and most awesome God, would be pleased with them and readily accessible to them.


But who cared about that or even cares about God's view of calenders and days and time today? Few people want to bother with God in their use of time and days and seasons and years. So a lot of time falls through our hands like sand.

So the calendar He set up for co-coordinating OUR RELATIONSHIP WITH HIM THAT WAS MEANT TO BE THE CENTERPIECE OF OUR USE OF TME ON EARTH  moves out of position from being the core feature of our days, weeks, months, and years, to being a sideline that we fit into our lives once in a while.


We try to rule TIME instead of letting Him the rightful Ruler do it – We fit Him into our calendar when it is convenient to us instead of keeping the appointments with HIM that HE sets



Failure To Use TIME His Way


So the created one (us!) takes over the rulership of time, and we call on Him over and over again to bail us out  of the jams we get into FOR FAILURE TO USE TIME HIS WAY.

This may all sound ridiculously obvious and simple to you; but it may also hit you as a profound revelation of just how far off base we have come in our use of time, and of how little weight we give to HIS desire to build a relationship with us in the framework of time.

To make this concrete, take a moment to consider your boss or employer at work. Do you consider their desires in your use of time relative to when you go to work, what days you work, what and when you do at work, when and how often you have to report to them? Of course. If you didn’t you would be fired.

Consider also a close relationship with your spouse. Do you consider them in your use of free time? Of course you do or you wouldn’t be close.

Does OUR LORD and OUR King get anywhere near that kind of consideration from us regarding our use of time and days? I doubt it, even though He made TIME and days and calender and years for this very purpose!



The Politics of Calendars


Conventional Calendars


Major empires of history have made their own calendars: the Chinese, Aztecs, Babylonians, and Romans, to name a few.

Nowadays western civilization uses the Gregorian calendar. It was decreed by the Pope who ruled the Catholic Church during the 1500s and was based on earlier calendars devised by the Catholic church that ensured that the date of Easter would occur after the vernal equinox and before the birthdate of Rome according to pagan custom .

The Gregorian calendar sets the first day of the year in January (mid-winter instead of God’s choice, springtime); it made the year 365 days long (instead of slightly less in God’s calendar for Israel), and put the sun -and earth’s orbit around it- at the center of the calendar  (instead of the moon, whose phases determine the months of God’s calendar). Putting the sun in a position of primacy was no coincidence, as the calendar used by Pope Gregaory was initially drawn up by sun worshippers.


Why would Pope Gregory have set up a different calendar from that of the Bible?

  1. The tradition of the Catholic Church for centuries was that anything Jewish should be done away with. As well the Jews and their religious gathering places were deemed accursed. According to many church fathers, to plunder and destroy them would be doing God a favor;

  2. The Bible also says that the spirit of anti-Christ likes to change times and seasons set up by God. Why? THE CALENDER THAT GOD SET UP WAS ALL ABOUT TIMES HE SPECIFICALLY SETS APART FOR MEETING WITH. HIM AS THE MOST HIGH GOD!  The calendar gives His special days of invitation for people to meet with Him for special purposes that HE has determined are necessary and appropriate for humans, and vital for maintaining good relationship with Hum.

  3. So why would any world leader want to do away with God’s calendar? Pretty obvious. To detract from Him, distract people’s attention away from the true God, get people focused on other things, build up their own power and the false gods and demons that buttress their dominion. Draw people’s attention away…



God set up His Calendar for Israel in Particular


Anyway, God set up a calendar for Israel. He set up how they should mark the times and seasons. In this calendar, HE SET ASIDE 70 DAYS A YEAR for His people to meet with Him in a special way.

For people who do not know Jesus Christ as their Messiah and Savior personally and have not received His Spirit to dwell with them, having a special opportunity to meet with God would be very important during special appointed times that He has determined. This would be very important..



Meeting With God Meant You Had to Have a Temple in Jerusalem


In Bible times, faithful people would go to Jerusalem on the special days that God set aside for that purpose, and, as per God’s instructions, would  meet with Him at His Temple.

No wonder the people of Israel longed to rebuild the Temple each time it was destroyed by their enemies. For that was where they could meet with God. There was no other place.

When the Temple was destroyed after Jesus was crucified in AD 70, there was no more place to be able to meet with God on the special days He set aside for meeting with Him,



Keeping the Feast as a Memorial to the Real Thing


So many people of Israel began to keep the Feasts AS A MEMORIAL. Especially as Jews were led out of Israel into the Diaspora all over the world, they were removed from God on 2 counts:

1) no Temple to go to in Jerusalem to meet with Hum,

2) no Israel to go to to even build a Temple that He would inhabit.



Nothing Left to do but Make Traditions


All that was left was  to do religious acts on the Feast Days, KNOWING THAT THERE WAS NO REAL MEETING WITH God going on.

But keeping the traditions alive –and adding a lot more traditions so there was something to do on the Feast Days- at least gave the people and especially their religious leaders SOMETHING RELIGIOUS TO DO!!

So that became a large part of the practice of Judaism after the fall of the Temple. What else could Israel do... except for those who considered Jesus Christ's personal claim to be the Doorway to a spiritual House of God accessible to the people of Israel for communion with God wherever in the world the Diaspora.may have carried them carried them.


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